After more than ten years since implementation of the Tourism Law
2005, the new Tourism Law 2017 has been officially approved with a range of new
points, aiming at promoting tourism development and turning it into a spearhead
One of the new features of the newly-approved law is that the State will
facilitate the involvement of local communities in tourism development.
This will be the basis for the development of community-based tourism, not only
promoting the strength of indigenous culture but also helping stabilise local
In recent years, community-based tourism has witnessed a relatively strong
development with rich forms. There are many locales building successful models,
such as Hoa Binh, Quang Ninh, Ha Giang, Lao Cai and Vinh Phuc provinces.
Specifically, community-based tourism activities in Lac hamlet (Mai Chau, Hoa
Binh) have been developing quite strong, with an average of 30,000-40,000
visitors arriving per year.
With its stunning scenery, rich culture and diverse cuisine, the community
tourism model in Den hamlet, Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province also welcomes from
30,000-35,000 visitors per year, with annual revenue reaching from VND3-4
billion. Local households running homestay services net an additional average
income of VND1-3 million per month.
Community-based tourism development mainly focuses on exploiting each locality's
unique characteristics and mobilising the involvement of local communities in
creating tourism products through which visitors can experience the daily life
of local communities and enjoy the special indigenous cultural values.
This model helps enhance and encourage the participation of local communities in
tourism activities so as to help visitors gain more knowledge about the culture,
environment, customs and lifestyles of local people.
In addition to promoting the beauty of indigenous culture, the biggest gain of
community tourism is the improved life of local people themselves.
Although the development of community-based tourism products is consistent with
the common trend and the number of visitors seeking these tourist products is
increasing, in fact, community-based tourism in Viet Nam is still spontaneous
and has not improved much yet.
Mostly, community-based tourism is in the form of sightseeing and has not
achieved the purpose of raising awareness, environmental education and enjoying
special characteristics in the indigenous culture of local communities for
Several localities still focus much on economic benefits, leading to a too hot
development of scattered travel services without sustaining tourism activities.
For that reason, the most important thing to ensure the development of
community-based tourism, is that local communities must be deeply aware of their
unique values and culture, and then transmitting to visitors such values by
love, respect and belief.
Together with the removal of obstacles that are hindering community tourism,
experts should coordinate in researching and guiding indigenous people to build
attractive and non-duplicative products, thus ensuring preservation of landscape
and the environment and avoiding destroying typical characteristics of
In order to limit the spontaneous development of community-based tourism as at
present, it is necessary to build concrete and clear planning, while
strengthening the State management over tourism activities.
However, it should be noted that State management is not merely management or
tightening but guiding and creating favourable conditions for people to properly
and effectively realise this tourism model..